Congrats to Liz on her recent publication in the Journal of Orthopaedic Research!
Liz Feeney has published an article titled “Temporal Changes in Synovial Fluid Composition & Elastoviscous Lubrication in the Equine Carpal Fracture Model” in the Journal of Orthopaedic Research. Check out the full article here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine temporal variations in synovial fluid composition and lubrication following articular fracture. Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) was induced by creating an osteochondral fracture in the middle carpal joint of four horses while the contralateral limb served as a sham-operated control. Horses were exercised on a high-speed treadmill, and synovial fluid was collected pre-operatively and at serial timepoints until 70 days post-operatively. Lubricin and hyaluronic acid (HA) concentrations were measured using sandwich ELISAs, and the molecular weight distribution of HA was analyzed via gel electrophoresis. Synovial fluid viscosity and cartilage friction coefficients across all modes of lubrication were measured on days 0, 19, 33, and 61 using a commercial rheometer and a custom tribometer, respectively. HA concentrations were significantly decreased post-operatively, and high molecular weight HA (>6.1MDa) did not recover to pre-operative values by the study termination at day 75. Lubricin concentrations increased after surgery to a greater extent in the OA as compared to sham-operated limbs. Viscosity was significantly reduced after surgery. While boundary and elastoviscous mode friction coefficients did not vary, the transition number, representing the shift between these modes, was lower. Although more pronounced in the OA limbs, similar derangements in HA, HA molecular weight distribution, viscosity and transition number were observed in the sham-operated limbs, which may be explained by synovial fluid washout during arthroscopy.